The Export Practitioner is the only monthly magazine devoted exclusively to news and analysis of U.S. export controls and trade sanctions.

Since 1987, The Export Practitioner has provided readers with expert reports on changes to U.S. export licensing rules, enforcement policies and regulations for defense and dual-use products and technology.

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December 2014

Features

New Approach to Sourcing Export Compliance Professionals
Educational opportunities and professional development programs that traditionally provide an adequate supply of experienced, trained export compliance experts need strengthening, Joe Brazda writes.
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Focus on Enforcement

Another BizJet Executive Given Light Sentence for Bribing Officials
The former president and CEO of BizJet, a U.S.-based subsidiary of Lufthansa Technik AG, was sentenced to time served for paying bribes to...
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Bio-Rad Pays $55 Million for Bribing Officials in Russia, Vietnam, Thailand
A large medical diagnostics and life sciences manufacturing and sales company has agreed to pay $55 million to settle Securities and Exchange...
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Chinese Citizen Sentenced to Two Years in Prison for Attempted Defense Exports
A Chinese citizen from Hong Kong, who had been caught by a U.S. government sting operation, was sentenced to two years in prison for allegedly...
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Former Army Officer Sent to Prison for Stealing U.S. Military Items from Afghanistan
A former Army officer was sentenced to six months in prison for stealing U.S. military items, including optical sights, night-vision equipment and...
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Former FLIR Employees Settle SEC Charges of Bribing Saudi Officials
Two ex-employees in the Dubai office of Oregon-based defense contractor FLIR Systems agreed Nov. 17, 2014, to pay the Securities and Exchange...
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Michigan Man Sentenced to Prison for Illegal Exports, Taking Classified Documents
A former Army captain previously deployed in Iraq was sentenced Nov. 21, 2014, in D.C. U.S. District Court to eight months in prison for exporting...
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Oil Industry Firm Settles OFAC Charges of Shipping Equipment to Iran via UAE
A Houston-based provider of services and equipment to the oil industry settled charges of violating Iran sanctions by sending material destined for...
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Oregon Manufacturer Settles OFAC Charges of Violating Cuba Sanctions
A Portland, Oregon, equipment manufacturer agreed Nov. 13, 2014, to pay over $2 million to settle Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control...
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UK Enforcement Action Takes Profits from Executive, Firm for Illegal Valve Exports to Iran
The United Kingdom has taken a rare enforcement action against a British individual and firm for exporting valves to Iran without a license, using...
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Inside BIS

BIS Advisory Opinion Clarifies Rules on Use of Cloud-Based Software
As the cloud becomes ever more ubiquitous in providing software and other services, export control agencies continue to clarify and refine their...
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BIS Warns Firms Against Exports to Crimean Projects That Haven't Been Sanctioned
U.S. officials are warning American firms not to export to infrastructure projects in Crimea even though the projects and firms involved have not...
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Hirschhorn Boasts of Improved Bilateral U.S.-India Trade, Few Export Licensing Hurdles
Only a small fraction of U.S. exports to India need export licenses now in sharp contrast to past requirements, Bureau of Industry and Security...
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Technical Advisors Call for Tripling Threshold for Computer Export Controls
The Bureau of Industry and Security's (BIS) Information Systems Technical Advisory Committee (ISTAC) has urged the U.S. to seek a tripling of the...
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Wolf Calms Concerns About Misclassification of Items Transferred to CCL from USML
As the transition of commercial satellites from the U.S. Munitions List (USML) to the Commerce Control List (CCL) went into effect Nov. 10, 2014,...
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Policy Briefs

Agencies Clarify Export Restrictions on Shale Oil Drilling in Russia
Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) and the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) responded Nov. 18, 2014, to industry concerns that...
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Election Could Open New Debate on Crude Oil Export Policy
The Republican takeover of the Senate after the Nov. 4, 2014, election could open the way for legislation to repeal the ban on crude oil exports....
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Foreign Consignees Liable for Classification; Can't Rely on U.S. Exporter, Agencies Say
A foreign consignee can self-classify an item to determine whether it is subject to U.S. export controls, but it will be liable for a violation if...
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Foreign Firms Complain About New Burdens from U.S. Export Control Reforms
For all the benefits U.S. exporters have gotten from export control reforms, foreign customers complain they face more burdens and risks from the...
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Human Security, Rights Grow as Issues Shaping European Export Controls
European export control agencies are shifting their focus from national security concerns to the human rights impact that exports may have on...
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Japan Has Become Top Destination for 600-Series Licenses, Exception STA
Japan has become the leading foreign beneficiary of U.S. export control reforms. It was the top destination for licenses the Bureau of...
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Judge Weighing Fokker DPA Settlement Still Not Ready to Approve Deal
D.C. U.S. District Court Judge Richard Leon is still debating whether to accept or reject the government's deferred prosecution agreement (DPA)...
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Justice Won't Prosecute for Pre-Acquisition FCPA Activity of Foreign Company
The improper conduct of a foreign company that occurred prior to its acquisition by a U.S. firm would not warrant enforcement of the Foreign...
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Russia Taking "Sophisticated" Approach to Force Foreign Firms to Keep Doing Business
Russia is using its own laws to insist that foreign subsidiaries in Russia continue to honor contracts despite the sanctions imposed by their home...
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State Allows for Some Maritime Security-Related Exports to Vietnam
State's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) officially lifted the ban on the provision of maritime security-related items to Vietnam. In...
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Regulatory Briefs

BIS Commercial Satellite Controls Still Need Clarity, Industry Comments Suggest
As the transition of commercial satellites from the U.S. Munitions List (USML) to the Commerce Control List (CCL) went into effect Nov. 10, 2014,...
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BIS Imposes "China Rule" on Exports to Military End-Users in Venezuela
Adding to existing restrictions against Venezuelan military officials for human rights violations, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has...
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Wassenaar Meeting Expected to Ease Some Encryption Controls on Computers
As The Export Practitioner was going to press, the Wassenaar Arrangement's plenary meeting in December was expected to approve some easing of...
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End Notes

END NOTES
IRAN : Treasury Nov. 4, 2014, updated FAQ on payments to Iranian civil aviation authorities. "U.S. persons and U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign...
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